Canadian Dollar Exchange Rates

All values are equivalent in terms of purchasing power, which means that for each year the same goods or services could be bought with the indicated amount of money. This tool is useful to calculate the time value of money based on historical inflation and CPI values. To start, select an amount and two years, or browse the default calculation results. Canada produced its first gold dollar coins in 1912 in the form of $5 and $10. The obverse carries an image of King George V and on the reverse is a shield with the arms of the Dominion of Canada. Gold from the Klondike River valley in the Yukon accounts for much of the gold in the coins.

Should I wait to buy US dollars?

As a general rule, there's no definite time as to when you should buy US Dollars before your trip. If you're a constant international traveller, you can get the best rate if you shop around and compare options.

The first paper money issued in Canada denominated in dollars were British Army bills, issued between 1813 and 1815. Canadian dollar banknotes were later issued by the chartered banks starting in the 1830s, by coinjar review several pre-Confederation colonial governments , and after confederation, by the Canadian government starting in 1870. Some municipalities also issued notes, most notably depression scrip during the 1930s.

The small 1-cent pennies listed below can sell for from $10 through thousands of dollars, depending on their condition. At a 2010 auction, a Canadian penny made headlines for fetching more than $400,000 USD. What makes the penny special is that beneath the date, there is a tiny dot. This dot indicates that the penny was actually made in 1937, rather than 1936.


Oil sand is a mixture of sand, clay or other minerals, and water that occurs in nature. Because of its density, the bitumen needs to be extracted in order to get crude oil. The International Energy Agency predicts that oil sands production in Canada will rise by about 2.5 million barrels per day in the next 25 years.

canadian currency value

In 2013, the Government of Canada officially stopped making pennies and is currently in the process of taking them all out of circulation, but completion of this goal is still many years away. Larger business and chains in Canada may not accept penny payments and instead demand customers round cash payments down or up to the closest five cents. A clean float, also known as a pure exchange rate, occurs when the value of a currency is determined purely by supply and demand. When oil prices are high, the amount of U.S. dollars Canada earns on each barrel of oil it exports will be high. Therefore, the supply of U.S. dollars flowing into Canada will be high relative to the supply of Canadian dollars, resulting in an increase in the value of the Canadian dollar. Conversely, when the price of oil is low, the supply of U.S. dollars will be low relative to that of the Canadian dollar, resulting in a decrease in the value of the Canadian dollar.

Popular Canadian Dollar CAD Currency Pairings

In 1987 a $1 coin struck in aureate-plated nickel was introduced. In 1997, copper-plated zinc replaced bronze in the 1¢, and it returned to a round shape. This was followed, in 2000, by the introduction of even cheaper plated-steel 1¢, 5¢, 10¢, 25¢ and 50¢ coins, with the 1¢ plated in copper and the others plated in cupro-nickel. In 2012, the multi-ply plated-steel technology was introduced for $1 and $2 coins as well.

canadian currency value

All other current and prior Canadian dollar banknotes issued by the Bank of Canada remain as legal tender in Canada. However, commercial transactions may legally be settled in any manner agreed by the parties involved. In 1982, the 1¢ coin was changed to dodecagonal, and the 5¢ was further debased to a cupro-nickel alloy.

Counterfeiting large bills is a problem in Canada, which is the reason why the government discontinued the $1,000 bill— previously the next largest Canadian bill after the $100 — in 2000 . It has a famous Canadian sailboat on it, known as the Bluenose, that was the fastest racing ship in the world for almost 20 years. Historically, the Canadian Dollar reached an all time high of 1.62 in January of 2002. Canadian Dollar – data, forecasts, historical chart – was last updated on July of 2022. USD/CAD is the abbreviation of the U.S. dollar vs Canadian dollar cross rate.

Value of Dollar over time by year

The Canadian origin of this term derives from a coin struck by the Hudson’s Bay Company during the 17th century with a value equal to the pelt of a male beaver– a “buck”. Because of the appearance of the common loon on the back of the $1 coin that replaced the dollar bill in 1987, the word loonie was adopted in Canadian parlance to distinguish the Canadian dollar coin from the dollar bill. When the two-dollar coin was introduced in 1996, the derivative word toonie (“two loonies”) became the common word for it in Canadian English slang. In 1851, the Parliament of the Province of Canada passed an act for the purposes of introducing a pound sterling unit in conjunction with decimal fractional coinage. The idea was that the decimal coins would correspond to exact amounts in relation to the U.S. dollar fractional coinage. The 1850s in Canada were a decade of debate over whether to adopt a sterling monetary system or a decimal monetary system based on the US dollar.

For example, stores may refuse $100 banknotes if they feel that would put them at risk of being counterfeit victims; however, official policy suggests that the retailers should evaluate the impact of that approach. In the case that no mutually acceptable form of payment can be found for the tender, the parties involved should seek legal advice. All banknotes from series prior to the current polymer series are now considered unfit for circulation due to their lacking of any modern security features, such as a metallic stripe. Financial institutions must return the banknotes to the Bank of Canada, which will then destroy them. In 1871, Prince Edward Island went decimal within the U.S. dollar unit and introduced coins in the denomination of 1 cent.

Is the CAD dollar going up?

The median forecast in the poll was for Canada's currency to strengthen 1.6% to 1.28 per U.S. dollar, or 78.13 U.S. cents, in three months' time, compared to 1.26 in last month's forecast. It was then expected to climb to 1.25 in a year's time, compared with the previous forecast of 1.23.

When the 10-cent 1969 coins were made, there was an error and inadvertently, some Large date coins were made instead of the Small date. The 1969 large date 10-cent coin is extremely rare, it’s estimated that only 20 to 30 are in circulation. Prior to 1922, Canadian nickels were made of “coin silver” or sterling silver .

Americana Auctions

Canada is the largest foreign supplier of crude oil to the U.S. Canada accounted for 61% of total U.S. crude oil imports in 2020. The prices listed in our database are intended to be used as an indication only. Users are strongly encouraged to seek multiple sources of pricing before making a final determination of value.

The 1955 No shoulder fold is one of the rarest Canadian pennies ever struck. A few 1955 pennies were mistakenly struck with the older design dies. Join more than 6 million people who get a better deal when they send money with Wise.

The British North American provinces nonetheless gradually adopted currencies tied to the American dollar. Canadian Coins are produced by the Royal Canadian Mint, which is known among coin collectors as one of the most extravagant and creative coin-producing entities in the world. The USD is the abbreviation s&p 500 definition for the U.S. dollar, the official currency of the United States of America and the world’s primary reserve currency. Investopedia requires writers to use primary sources to support their work. These include white papers, government data, original reporting, and interviews with industry experts.

Live tracking and notifications + flexible delivery and payment options. Data are provided ‘as is’ for informational purposes only and are not intended for trading purposes. Data may be intentionally delayed pursuant to supplier requirements. News Corp is a global, diversified media and information services company focused on creating and distributing authoritative and engaging content and other products and services. Select your currency in the first box, and the Canadian currency in the second. Open the bank account during the first few weeks after your arrival.

Is the Canadian dollar going up in 2021?

The Canadian dollar was the only G10 currency to gain ground against the greenback in 2021, rising 0.8%. Potential for further gains has not been lost on speculators. They have raised bullish bets on the currency to the highest level since July last year, data from the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission shows.

The shop prices remain a typical “something and 99 cents”. When you pay for your items the sum of your purchases will be rounded to the nearest five cents. Unless of course, you pay by card, in which case you will be billed the exact amount. Canadian coins include the 5c nickel, 10 c dime, 25c quarter, $1 Loonie and $2 Toonie.

Although there are a number of factors that contribute to the value of Canadian coins, rarity is among the most important. Preliminary value for the current month is provided by the source even if not all daily values are available for the entire month. Noon buying rates in New York City for cable transfers payable in foreign currencies. In addition to the three main types of Canadian currency, there are also Province of Canada, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland notes. These are moderate outliers to most collections, but they are still collectible and some of them can be very valuable.

The safe and easy way to exchange USD to CAD

The future of Canadian oil is shaky as export costs are high and many countries and businesses are moving toward renewable energy sources. Charles is a nationally recognized capital markets specialist and educator with over 30 years of experience developing in-depth training programs for burgeoning financial professionals. Charles has taught at a number of institutions including Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley, Societe Generale, and many more.

The information on this website does not take into account the investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any particular person. The currencies could not be switched, the conversion is not offered by RBC. It often takes an expert to spot a fake or counterfeit coin. If you’re considering something very rare or valuable, have it professionally appraised. Wise is the trading name of Wise, which is authorised by the Financial Conduct Authority under the Electronic Money Regulations 2011, Firm Reference , for the issuing of electronic money.

The penny continues to be legal tender, although they are only accepted as payment and not given back as change. The price of any commodity or service is determined by supply and demand, and in the case of the Canadian/U.S. Dollar exchange rate, the price is determined by the demand and supply of both Canadian dollars and U.S. cadence design systems founded dollars. Dollar exchange rate and oil prices is due, in large part, to the amount of the nation’s total foreign exchange earnings that are garnered through crude oil sales. In 2019, Canada was the fifth-largest producer and exporter of crude oil in the world. Dozens of different banks in Canada issued their own paper money.

Still other coins were made of precious metals like gold or silver and are rare because most were melted down for their metal value. Our currency converter will show you the current USD to CAD rate and how it’s changed over the past day, week or month. US Dollar to Canadian Dollar Exchange Rate is at a current level of 1.285, down from 1.288 the previous market day and up from 1.256 one year ago.

The 1911 Canadian Silver Dollar held the record of the world’s most valuable coin. Only two Canadian silver dollars were struck, and one is housed at the Canadian Currency Museum in Ottawa. This leaves only one 1911 Canadian silver dollar available to collectors. Serious coin collectors search high and low for certain Canadian coins, sometimes paying top dollar to acquire an example for their collection.


Heading to the U.S. and need to exchange your Canadian dollars? This quick and easy Foreign Exchange tool shows you what your currency is worth today, so you can know the value of the funds you have. Large cent coins were minted from 1858 until 1920, when they were replaced by the small cent coin. The 1923 small cent is the rarest date among Canadian coins. You always get the best exchange rate with Wise, whether you send, spend, or convert money in dozens of currencies. The worst day to change Canadian dollars in US dollars was the Thursday, 14 July 2022.

Provident Metals – This shop sells rare coins from all over the world, as well as Canadian silver coins. 2 Clicks Coins – This site has a collector coin classified section, where you can find many rare coins, including silver dimes and quarters. It also offers detailed information and photos of other rare coins. Fetching $184,000 at auction, the “dot” dime of 1936 is another great collector’s coin. This dime was actually produced in 1937, and the dot was added to the 1936 design. Some of the rarest and most valuable Canadian coins are those that were produced by accident and feature a minor error.

We use two factor authentication to protect your account. Wise takes the stress out of sending large amounts of money abroad — helping you save for the important things. Get full access to all features within our Corporate Solutions. As a Premium user you get access to the detailed source references and background information about this statistic. To use individual functions (e.g., mark statistics as favourites, set statistic alerts) please log in with your personal account. The Xe Rate Alerts will let you know when the rate you need is triggered on your selected currency pairs.

Production of the 1c penny has been stopped in 2013 and if you still find one of the little copper-coloured coins, hang on to it as a keepsake. For the past few years, the Canadian dollar has been worth between 70 and 80 cents compared to the U.S. dollar. There are several ways to calculate the time value of money. Depending on the data available, results can be obtained by using the Consumer Price Index formula or the compound interest formula. In the economy of the Americas, the Canadian dollar plays a similar role to that of the Australian dollar in the Asia-Pacific region. The Canadian dollar has been an important part of the British, French and Dutch Caribbean states’ economies and finance systems since the 1950s.

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